Who’s Running Dry –

Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities

China Background

Some provinces have water resources on par with Middle East. Are your business & investment decisions reflecting this? China’s Water Sources North-South Divide Dry 11
47% of total industrial output comes from Dry 11 regions among which Jiangsu, Henan and Shandong, the Top 3 producers of agricultural output, each have less water per capita than Iraq.
Dry 11 Agriculture
Major cities running dry. In 2016, Beijing, Shanghai & Tianjin each had less than half the water resources per capita that Jordan has (123.4m³ per annum) Water Risk Exposure Clustered Risks
Pollution exacerbates water scarcity. Water pollution, especially from agricultural & industrial sources, means water resources are not always available for use. Despite improvement in recent years, 32.1% of China’s surface water remains “unfit for human contact” (below Grade III) State of Ecology & Environment Pollution & Crops Polluting Industries At Risk
Dry 11 At Risk 7 Safe 13
Beijing Jiangsu Shanghai
Gansu Liaoning Shanxi
Hebei Ningxia Tianjin
Henan Shandong

With only 7% of China’s Water Resources, Dry 11 provinces account for 36% of the country’s agricultural production, 38% of the population and 43% of national GDP.
Anhui Hubei Jilin
Chongqing Inner Mongolia Shaanxi

With 22% of China’s Water Resources, At Risk 7 provinces account for 24% of the country’s agricultural production, 26% of the population and 27% of national GDP.
Fujian Hunan Xinjiang
Guangxi Jiangxi Yunnan
Guizhou Qinghai Zhejiang
Hainan Sichuan
Heilongjiang Tibet

With 71% of China’s Water Resources, Safe 13 provinces account for 40% of the country’s agricultural production, 36% of the population and 30% of national GDP.
Sources: China Statistical Yearbook 2017; Aquastat 2016