River basins are the natural delimitations of water resources. Click on the map to get infos about China’s river basins.
Surface & Groundwater
Surface water accounts for 82% of China’s total water supply in 2016 while groundwater accounts for only 18%. However, due to an uneven distribution of water resources between the North and the South of China, the North is more reliant on groundwater than the South. Groundwater Depletion North South Divide
6 out of China’s 9 main river basins receive less rainfall than South Sudan. China’s Water Challenges
Sources: China Water Risk report “No Water No Growth – Does Asia have enough water to growth?” 2018; State of Ecology and Environment Report 2017; China Water Risk article “What ‘Xi’s Thought’ Means For Water” 17 November, 2017; China Water Risk article “Pearl River Delta: 5 Water Must-Knows” 18 May, 2017; FAO Aquastat; TerraClimate; China Academy of Sciences; National Bureau of Statistics of China; ADM Capital Foundation and SynTao “Water in China”, Responsible Research, Issues for Responsible Investors 2010; World Bank; Lv FH et al. “Discussion on Flood Analysis and Flood Prevention Measures in Liaohe River Basin”, Water Conservancy Construction and Management, Issue 8, 2008
Notes: Precipitation level refer to annual averages between 2000 and 2017