China Energy Security –

Holistic actions on the water-energy-climate nexus

Water Energy Nexus

Sources: China Water Risk report “No Water, No Growth – Does Asia have enough water to develop?” 2018; China Statistical Yearbook 2017; National Development and Reform Commission “13FYP on Renewable Energy Development” 2016; China Water Risk report “Rare Earths: Shades Of Grey – Can China continue to fuel our clean and smart future?” 2016; China Water Risk and International Renewable Energy Agency joint report “Water Use in China’s Power Sector: Impact of Renewables and Cooling Technologies to 2030” 2016; China Water Risk report “Towards A Water & Energy Secure China – Tough choices ahead in power expansion with limited water resources” 2015; NEA “Action Plan for Clean and Highly-efficient Utilization of Coal (2015-2020)” 2015; Pan et al (2012), “A supply chain based assessment of water issues in the coal industry in China”, Energy Policy, Volume 48, Pages 93-102