Developing A Global Water Stewardship System
By Ma Xi, Zhenzhen Xu, Michael Spencer 4 February, 2016
AWS' Xu, Xi & Spencer introduce the 1st global water stewardship standard & lessons from Ecolab's China pilot
Water is a vital resource for nature and people. It is a shared and public resource, WE – all water users – are accountable for its sustainable management. Increasingly, people around the world are aware of risks that water scarcity, pollution and poor water governance have on our economy, our society and the ecosystems on which we depend. Despite increasing efforts to enhance policy, planning and investment in water infrastructure and efficiency projects, we are still far from successful in addressing water-related challenges.
This is the first international water stewardship standard
Launched in 2009 and now embraced by 30 leading organizations, the Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS) is dedicated to developing a global system that addresses the world’s water challenges by recognizing leaders in good water stewardship.
The system rewards individual water users who improve the way they use water and reduce the catchment impacts of their water use thereby contributing to more sustainable management of shared freshwater resources.
After four-years of development through a global multi-stakeholder process, the first International Water Stewardship Standard (the AWS Standard) was released in April, 2014. The AWS Standard sets out a process for major water using sites to follow in order to contribute to achieving the four outcomes mentioned in the chart right and be recognised for their water management leadership.
The AWS International Water Stewardship Standard
We defines water stewardship as: “The use of water that is socially equitable, environmentally sustainable and economically beneficial, achieved through a stakeholder-inclusive process that involves site and catchment-based actions.”
- Step 1: COMMIT – Commit to being a responsible water steward
- Step 2: GATHER & UNDERSTAND – Gather data to understand shared water challenges and water related risks, impacts and opportunities
- Step 3: PLAN – Develop a water stewardship plan
- Step 4: IMPLEMENT – Implement the site’s stewardship plan and improve impacts
- Step 5: EVALUATE – Evaluate the site’s performance
- Step 6: COMMUNICATE & DISCLOSE – Communicate about water stewardship and disclose the site’s stewardship efforts
The Standard follows a Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle
It can be used as an internal self-assessment tool or to engage stakeholders in catchment sustainability
AWS Standard can be used as an internal self-assessment tool, as a means of seeking market recognition for good water stewardship performance, or as a means to engage stakeholders in catchment sustainability. Any intended practitioners, large or small, can find their way to get involved and start their journey of water stewardship (as shown in the figure below). The system allows claims of conformity through 3rd party verification as well as self-assessment.
Here we present Ecolab’s case study to illustrate how AWS standard is used in practice and why water stewardship is good for business and the environment.
From Water Risk Management to Business Value Creation – Ecolab’s Water Stewardship Journey
Ecolab’s Taicang plant, commissioned in 2012, is located in the Taihu Lake Basin which is in the core of Yantze River Delta economic development area. Taihu Lake Basin suffers from various water problems including flooding, saltwater intrusion, droughts and significant pollution and water quality issues.
The Chinese government has also taken steps to address these concerns and placed stringent requirements on new industrial facilities in the watershed, including a zero-discharge mandate. The plant faced tremendous water challenges from day one of its plant design.
In 2015 Ecolab added 15 new projects to its annually updated water stewardship plan
Partnering with World Wildlife Fund (WWF, founding member of AWS), Ecolab undertook a field test of the AWS Standard (beta version) at its Taicang manufacturing plant from year 2013. The figure below illustrates the initial AWS journey. With the system in place, water stewardship has now become a long-term strategy that is integrated in plant management. In 2015, Ecolab added 15 new projects to its annually updated water stewardship plan.
From 2013 to 2015, Ecolab has achieved a range of outcomes through its water stewardship effort:
- Improved water efficiency, reduced wastewater and reduced costs
- Supplementary of ISO14000 system, and improvement of water and environmental protection standards
- Improved relationship with civil society groups and government officials
- Raised awareness among staff, suppliers and neighboring plants on the importance of water stewardship
- Better understanding of the site’s indirect water use and associated risks
Besides private benefit to the company, the project also contributed to improving overall water management in the catchment, increase awareness of shared water challenges among major water users in the catchment, and facilitated dialogue between business, government, NGOs and community.
Project obstacles included: lack of publicly available water related info and lack of communication channels
In September 2015, Ecolab’s Taicang plant became the first facility in the world to be AWS certified. The experience of Ecolab contributed to the finalization of the first AWS standards, and global knowledge on practical implication of the Standard in chemical sector.
The project also highlighted some major obstacles for implementing water stewardship, such as lack of publicly available water related information for the catchment, lack of communication channels and platform for major water users and various stakeholder groups, and the need for leadership at catchment level to drive collective actions. This learning will contribute to the continuous improvement of the AWS water stewardship system.
Future outlook: scaling up and growing local capacity
In order to enhance capacity at local level to develop and scale-up water stewardship in major river basins in China, AWS, China National Institute for Standardization (CNIS), Ecolab and WWF China is planning to develop a Water Stewardship China Network (WSCN) and calling for more partners to join. WSCN’s initial mission will be to:
- Create a collaborative way for businesses, government and communities to define and deliver great stewardship outcomes;
- Ensure that good water stewardship outcomes are recognized locally and internationally; and
- Ensure Chinese knowledge and experience is embedded in the AWS international standard and created to support its local delivery.
Ecolab and WWF China is planning to develop a Water Stewardship China Network
In China, we are currently initiating water stewardship pilot projects with NGO partners, domestic manufacturers and global brands in various sectors including agriculture, food & beverage, textile printing & dyeing, micro-electronics, natural education and water utility sectors.
We invite interested parties from private, public sectors as well as civil society to join us in the effort to protect our precious water resources.
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