Climate Action 100+ Updated Investor Guide

By Cosmo Hui 23 November, 2022

Climate Action 100+ has developed an updated version of the Investor Guide for Engaging in Asia. AIGCC's engagement manager, Hui shares key highlights

Climate Action 100+ published an updated investor guide to support corporate engagement on climate issues in Asia.
Investors should seek for a long-term, trust-based relationship with investee companies for fruitful conversation on climate change
State-owned enterprises (SOEs) have different engagement priorities and approaches because of their tie to the states and respective home government priorities.

This article originally appeared on the Climate Action 100+ website on 19 July 2022, see here

The Climate Action 100+ Net Zero Company Benchmark (the “Benchmark”) is designed to support investor engagement by providing an objective measure of companies’ progress against the initiative’s three high-level goals: emissions reduction, governance and disclosure. With a traffic light system, the Benchmark allows investors to easily understand company progress against the Benchmark’s ten indicators and related metrics. The Benchmark aims to deliver an ambitious agenda that is aligned with the best available science and is region agnostic.

Climate Action 100+, with the support of Chronos Sustainability, has developed an updated version of the Climate Action 100+ Investor Guide for Engaging in Asia. This Guide is designed to support investors in this ongoing dialogue with Asian companies and other key stakeholders as they bridge expectations between company practices and alignment with the Benchmark.

Applying the benchmark in Asia

To determine the most appropriate approach to engagement, investors should start by understanding a company’s current stage of transition. Broadly speaking, there are five stages a company could be, from starting out to very advanced.

  • Stage 1. Companies which have yet to make a commitment to net zero.
  • Stage 2. Companies which have made a commitment to net zero but with a timeline in the second half of the century.
  • Stage 3. Companies which have made a commitment to net zero by 2050 but have made limited progress on their net zero/decarbonisation journey, in terms of turning this commitment into concrete targets and/or establishing robust management systems and processes.
  • Stage 4. Companies which are reasonably advanced on developing and implementing their net zero commitments, but which may still need to do further work to align their commitments with the International Energy Agency’s 1.5°C pathway.
  • Stage 5. Companies which are reasonably advanced on developing and implementing their net zero commitments, and which are clearly aligned with the International Energy Agency’s 1.5°C pathway.

Depending on which stage a company is at, this Guide provides practical guidance on the actions companies might take (and which investors might encourage) to meet the expectations of the Benchmark.

Benchmark helps investors better understand co’s current stages of transition from 1 -5…

…and for co’s, gives practical guidance on the actions they can take

For example, the first step for a company in Stage 2 might be to encourage them to increase the ambition of their net zero target to 2050 or before, with the alignment to national targets to be considered a baseline. However, for a company in Stage 3, the focus might be on adding more concrete details to their decarbonisation plans by identifying the set of actions it intends to take to achieve both their medium- and long-term GHG reduction targets.

The nuancing of engagement approaches and examples are detailed in the case studies and quotes from within the Guide. It also provides a range of practical case studies from Asian companies with respect to how companies and investors might address key gaps and challenges with meeting the Benchmark’s expectations. These are practical points which investors can refer to as they support companies in their transition.

One example is when net zero targets might not be considered applicable under the Benchmark. This can happen when the listed subsidiary of a conglomerate is the assessed entity under the Benchmark, as a group level net zero commitment cannot be accepted in lieu of commitment at the level of the assessed entity. This is because the group-level commitment is not considered sufficiently specific to apply at the subsidiary level.

Key takeaways for investors engaging with companies in Asia

Interviews were conducted with investors engaging with companies in Asia to provide insights on practicalities of engagement in the region. Some of the insights that regional investors have provided are as follows:

  1. The Benchmark is a useful engagement tool as it allows investors to rapidly identify areas where companies are lagging with respect to climate disclosure and action.
  2. Engagements can be more fruitful when a long-term, trust-based relationship is built between investor and investee.
  3. State-owned enterprises (SOEs) may need a different set of engagement priorities and approaches to engagement than publicly traded companies due to their ties to the state. This is because SOEs tend to take their points of reference from the goals and policies adopted by their home government.
  4. Collaborations between local and international investors can serve as an impetus for corporate climate action as this demonstrates a convergence of messages and priorities.


Engagement has been shown to be an important tool in driving climate positive change at the corporate level. This Guide finds that to be most effective, investors engaging in Asian markets need to be cognisant of the nuances amongst different markets in terms of the existing regulatory landscape.

Engagement is a key tool in driving climate positive change

In their strategy, investors should also consider the influence of different stakeholders on company practice and the impact of corporate structure and practices influencing their performance on climate change.


The Asia Investor Group on Climate Change (AIGCC) is an initiative to create awareness and encourage action among Asia’s asset owners and financial institutions about the risks and opportunities associated with climate change and low carbon investing. AIGCC provides capacity for investors to share best practice and to collaborate on investment activity, credit analysis, risk management, engagement and policy. With a strong international profile and significant network, AIGCC represents the Asian investor perspective in the evolving global discussions on climate change and the transition to a greener economy. AIGCC has over 65 members from 11 markets and with over USD 36 trillion in assets under management.

About Climate Action 100+

Climate Action 100+ is the world’s largest investor engagement initiative on climate change. It involves 700 investors, responsible for over $68 trillion in assets under management. Investors are focused on ensuring 166 of the world’s biggest corporate greenhouse gas (GHG) emitters take the necessary actions to align their business strategies with the goals of the Paris Agreement. This includes improving corporate governance of climate change, reducing GHG emissions, and strengthening climate-related financial disclosures. Launched in 2017, Climate Action 100+ is coordinated by five investor networks: Asia Investor Group on Climate Change (AIGCC); Ceres (Ceres); Investor Group on Climate Change (IGCC); Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC) and Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI).

Further Reading

More on latest 

Cosmo Hui
Author: Cosmo Hui
As the Engagement Manager at AIGCC, Cosmo is responsible for investor engagement and coordinates corporate engagement in Asia under Climate Action 100+ initiative. He also participates in other projects that support climate corporate engagement in the region. Cosmo is an experienced sustainability practitioner and a Certified Environmental, Social and Governance Analyst. Prior to joining AIGCC, Cosmo was a Senior Consultant at EY Climate Change and Sustainability Services in Hong Kong, where he provided climate risk management and sustainability advisory services to corporate and financial service clients.
Read more from Cosmo Hui →